China

This loop was the emblem of the sun, the source of life, as well as a sign of eternal life and divine after death. Portrayed himself as a cross in those days life time. The ancient Egyptians called the ankh as the key to life and the key to the Nile, the great giver of life, because the rich Nile fertilized soil. The swastika or cross, good fortune This is a very ancient cross, a reputation which, alas, is strongly raised questions Nazis with their well-known deadly ideas. Meanwhile, in Sanskrit, the mother of Indian languages, this character is called "Swasti," which means "happiness, prosperity." His four beams, curved in one direction or inside, the impression of a continuous circular motion, as well as cause in the mind images of wheels and spirals. The same symbol used to refer to the labyrinth, in particular in Egypt in the 3rd millennium BC Swastika – simvol universal, it is found not only in Egypt but in Greece, Europe and China. In Greece, he was represented by four letters gamma, and among the Germans was the emblem of the hammer of Thor, the god of thunder, protector of gods and men. Paradoxically, in the era of paganism, he confronted the Christian cross.

In Buddhism, this is the image of Wheels and the Law, called the Dharma-Shakra, press on the heart or the mind of the Buddha. In China, the swastika is associated with the number 10 company, depicting infinity. Tibetans often use the swastika in the mandalas, the mystical figures, benefits of meditation, and talismans. St Cross. This cross is made of Andrei in the form of the letter X. In such a cross, was crucified, suffered death and Andrew, the first apostle of Jesus, the brother of Simon Peter.

In Greece, where he preached the word of God, it was called Protokletom, which means "the title of the first." As a symbol of his martyrdom on the cross of the Orthodox Church (St. Andrew is her patron), the lower of the two crossbars is slightly tilted to the right, resembling the letter X. Meanwhile, the cross, who is credited with the name St. Andrew has a much longer history. It is found carved on prehistoric bones. In many primitive societies, he was portrayed on the products that are used to spell the fate or challenge corruption. St Cross. Peter is just an upside down cross, that is, its horizontal cross-bar is located at the bottom. To be named St. Peter, because this apostle was crucified upside down in Rome in 64 AD under the emperor Nero. The fact that the father of the apostolic church was crucified at the position opposite to the position of Jesus on the cross, has its symbolic meaning. Indeed, in the Zohar, as in the Upa-nishadah, the universe appears as an inverted tree whose roots are immersed in the sky and the branches and leaves cover the ground.

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