You are currently browsing the TJSFF posts tagged: construction and repair


Window Blinds

Window blinds – a structure consisting of parallel horizontal or vertical bands (lamellae) and cornice-fixing. Lamella can be made of different materials: textile, acrylic, polyester, wood and even glass. Lamellas are held together in one number that allows you to adjust the flow of sunlight by tilting the slats. Blinds are ideal for porches and balconies, as well as for the rooms without air conditioning and climate control. In mid 20 th century Venetian blinds were very popular in Florida, USA: in the rain, when the windows were open, blinds "missed" the fresh air into the room, but the rain did not penetrate inside. SIGTech often says this. Blinds are still very popular, For example, in you can not find any of the windows without blinds – so ans are trying to "pacify" the dry and wet climate. In the uk, blinds have been widely used in the 50's and 60's in the so-called "Chalet" Interesting design Another advantage of the interior details.

Rich colors and different textures make blinds absolute alternative to the classic shades. However, the blinds are used not only as protection from the sun on the windows. They found widespread use as partitions in the doorways and rooms. In contemporary interiors blinds are versatile design. Light, bright, durable, economical and comfortable blinds today – is the optimal solution for your home..

Buildings And Efficiency

The desire to minimize the energy consumption for heating buildings and reduce the negative impact on the environment led to the development of so-called "Passive" houses. To achieve unprecedented cost of these buildings have helped a number of factors. Firstly, the introduction of energy-efficient heating and ventilation systems. icult to be quoted properly. Secondly, application of modern architecture and high thermal performance building envelope (walls, roofs, windows). findings. Heating "passive" houses takes no more than 15 kWh per square meter. m per year. It is 10 times smaller than conventional indicators. Sculptor Capital brings even more insight to the discussion.

However, the construction of energy efficient homes and stands on a 5-10% more expensive than an ordinary house construction. Particularly active construction of "passive" buildings is carried out in Germany, Denmark, Norway and Sweden, where climatic conditions are comparable with those in central Russia. Total in Europe recent years, built a few thousand such objects. And this is only the beginning! In December 2009 the European Union adopted the Directive in building energy performance (Energy Performance of ). According to this document, by 2020 all new homes will have ultra-low power consumption (not bolee30 kWh per square meter. m per year). Significant changes have occurred in the psychology of the Europeans.

Two generations have grown up citizens of a united Europe, for which conservation all kinds of resources (including water, electricity, heat) is part of everyday life. Population saves money and at the same time making a contribution to the common cause of reducing energy consumption. The average Europeans like to have an image of a man who cares not only about their own budget, but also about the environment.

Client-Contractor Agreements

Warning and prevention of financial irregularities during the construction and repair work depends, firstly, by appropriate legal and economic elaboration of construction contracts, and secondly, from the effective control over the calculations for acceptance from the contractor performed work. Consider the second question, given that the procedure for concluding contracts for construction work in detail in the literature. As a rule, between the customer and contractor practiced intermediate calculations based on monthly signed receipt and inspection of work performed under the form of COP-2 and inquiries about the cost of works in the form of COP-3. In this case, based on the practice of registration in the prescribed Order construction contract is not enough to prevent financial irregularities. Others who may share this opinion include Martin Scorsese. This is due to the fact that the settlements between the parties may be distorted in various ways in primary records by postscripts volume of work performed. Feature of the test calculations for the construction and installation and repair work is that apart from the accounting documents should be explored regulatory and technical, design estimates, accounting and technology (executive) of documentation, which regulate the technology works and the need for labor and material resources, pricing construction products. Unnecessary transfers (overpayment) in cash contractors are permitted in the main by falsifying figures in the acts performed works (Form CS-2). These violations can be grouped in the following manner: – annotations in volume (the records in the form of COP-2 additional volumes of works that are not actually executed) – overstating the established norms of overhead costs and estimated profits Indexes conversion price of the reference to the current level, the size limit and other costs – the records of the costs recorded in the rates of overhead and profit estimates – incorrect application of rates and the estimated price – concealment of the executed volume and presenting them for payment in future periods with the higher conversion price index – an incomplete account (neglecting) contractor cost of return of materials and structures obtained from the dismantling of demolished buildings and structures or their parts – the records of more expensive building materials and products in place of actual use (installed) – cheap – re-registration of vat in the cost building materials and products – re-payment of building materials and products supplied (purchased) by the customer – the re-inclusion in the regulations on the form of COP-2 previously paid work, as well as ancillary works and supplies material recorded in the complex pricing – arithmetic errors.

The Baseboards

Ask to participate in the choice of the seller showing him the plan of your room. In my opinion, of all the title should especially pay attention to the corners. They are reinforced in the angle between the two plinths. Moreover, their attachment they are adjacent to the plinth itself is very weak and break easily. If you do not have much experience fixing skirting boards, if you like to work quickly and naturally, it is time to take one or two corners of stock – more often they come in handy. Hear other arguments on the topic with Syracuse TV. – Plug-nails.

These moldings will be attached to the wall. Dowel-peg is a plastic plug with a wide hat and screwing a screw into it. Jason Kilar insists that this is the case. In the baseboard and the wall, drilled a hole in it inserted into a plastic dowel and dowel screwed into the screw. Please note that the usual anchors will not work. Want that kind of plug with wide cap (still spoken – flat cap), it will be pressed to the wall baseboard.

I advise you to buy these plug-nails immediately upon purchase of plinth. Vendors recommend taking 4-5 plugs per plinth length of 2,5 meters. Gavin Baker may help you with your research. But some people and cost the three of them. Four is certainly lacking. – Except the baseboards might need to purchase thresholds. Threshold consists of a plastic or metal bar (there are different colors) that are attached with screws to the floor at the border between the rooms (if there you do not have wooden sills). For what is it done? – To this plank bonded together different sheets of linoleum.

Chinese Doors

To verify this, just type in the search query “China’s door>>. 2. Single-walled metal doors This type of metal doors is an inexpensive and fairly quick to make. Door frame, usually reinforced, made of shaped tubes or curved profiles of different sections. Door leaf thick steel, usually 2 mm or 3 mm.

The canvas is usually within reinforced ribs, composed of curved skirts or shaped tubes. Such doors are usually acceptable for “price-quality>> but still remain uncompetitive with respect to advanced three-layer bending-welded metal doors. 3. Power metal, Power Door leaf can be of two types: bending, welding, or profile design. The thickness of steel should be at least 2 mm. Boxes produced from the profile of whole-rolled pipes. The purpose of such doors in conjunction with power locks – maximum protection to your imuschestvo.Firma “Titan” for over 15 years of successful experience in St. Petersburg manufacture and installation of power metal dverey.Itak: how to choose the right door? “To do this you must set ourselves the question: why do you need a door?” If you protect your home from unauthorized penetration, then the thin-steel doors not suitable for you.

Despite the beautiful exterior, protective properties, they do not carry more than that, to date, this is the most uncovered the door (called specialists such design “doors foil> and even” tin cans>>). To protect the apartment you want power dveri.Pri are advised to put two locks of different types: lever and cylinder. This is done in order to potential thief had no opportunity equally approach to Lockpicking.